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C&D Waste Manual

C&D Waste forms a significant portion of solid waste generated in a country. As the economy expands and urbanization accelerates, a country move from developing to developed status; the percentage of C&D Waste (as compared to Municipal waste) increases. If left unmanaged or managed conventionally through the use of incinerators and landfill, the large quantity of C&D Waste will soon create a huge strain to the existing waste management infrastructure and the whole cycle will become unsustainable. This report focuses on the various approaches towards managing Construction and Demolition Wastes in the Asia region. It introduces the concept of Waste to Resource (WTR) to readers and highlights the numerous successful business cases and examples where waste has been successfully transformed into useful resources through the careful selection of technology and introduction of proper legislation and policy changes.



A dynamic model for assessing the effects of management strategies on the reduction of construction and demolition waste

Hongping Yuan,Abdol R. Chini, Yujie Lu, Liyin Shen

Waste Management- Volume 32, Issue 3, March 2012, Pages 521–531

The research is conducted using system dynamics methodology, which is a systematic approach that deals with the complexity – interrelationships and dynamics – of any social, economic and managerial system. The dynamic model integrates major variables that affect C&D waste reduction. In this paper, seven causal loop diagrams that can deepen understanding about the feedback relationships underlying C&D waste reduction system are firstly presented.

A web-based Decision Support System for the optimal management of construction and demolition waste

G. Banias, Ch. Achillas, Ch. Vlachokostas, N. Moussiopoulos, I. Papaioannou

Waste Management- Volume 31, Issue 12

This paper addresses both technical and functional structure of the developed web-based application.

Estimation of construction waste generation and management in Thailand

Oyeshola Femi Kofoworola, Shabbir H. Gheewala

Waste Management- Volume 29, Issue 2, February 2009, Pages 731–738

This study examines construction waste generation and management in Thailand. It is estimated that between 2002 and 2005, an average of 1.1 million tons of construction waste was generated per year in Thailand.

Construction and demolition lignocellulosic wastes to bioethanol

Vahid Jafari, Sara Rahim Labafzadeh, Azam Jeihanipour, Keikhosro Karimi, Mohammad J. Taherzadeh

Renewable Energy- Volume 36, Issue 11, November 2011, Pages 2771–2775

This work deals with conversion of four construction and demolition (C&D) lignocellulosic wastes including OSB, chipboard, plywood, and wallpaper to ethanol by separate enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF). Similar to other lignocelluloses, the wastes were resistant to the enzymatic hydrolysis, in which only up to 7% of their cellulose was hydrolyzed.


C&D Waste Journal Inventory  



273 Journals compendium for C&D Waste

Guidance Manuals

Construction and demolition waste guide

(Department of sustainability, environment, water, population and communities Gpo box 787 Canberra act 2601 Australia)

This guide outlines the opportunities available for effective markets and presents15 initiatives where companies are profiting and growing while contributing to a more ecologically sustainable built environment.

Recycling construction and demolition wastes- A guide for architects and contractors

The Institution Recycling Network

This document has been produced for architects, engineers, specification writers, and contractors who have an interest in and understand the goals of job site recycling, but are not familiar with its practicalities. Without this familiarity, it’s difficult to piece together how recycling works into overall project management, or to counter the concerns of those who object to job site recycling on the basis of cost, complexity, unreliability, or other factors. This document is intended to provide the information to understand and address those objections, and lay the foundation for successful recycling from any new construction, renovation or demolition project.