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Reports & Articles

Waste and Climate Change- Global Trends and Strategy Framework

United Nations Environment Programme, 2010

Waste generation does not result in positive impacts on climate. Waste treatment and disposal can have both positive and negative climate impacts. Therefore, an increasingly key focus of waste management activities is to reduce GHG emissions.....

Solid Waste Management and Greenhouse Gases - A Life-Cycle Assessment of Emissions and Sinks

US Environmental Protection Agency

This report examines the interrelationship between MSW management and climate change.

Waste and Climate Change- ISWA White Paper

International Solid Waste Association

The report is the result of continuous work from the ISWA Task Force on GHG and aims at presenting sustainable waste management as an easy and effective way to mitigate GHG emissions not only in developed countries but also in developing economies.

Solid Waste and Climate Change: Perceptions and Possibilities

C. Visvanathan

Climate change is a serious international environmental concern and the subject of much research and debate in recent years. It is estimated that 3.4% of Green House Gases (GHGs) emit from waste sector and contributes to one fifth of global anthropogenic sources. Even though the contribution is very small but still matters and it needs immediate actions to mitigate…..

Climate Change and Waste Management: A Balanced Assessment 

Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa (Volume 13, No.7, 2011)

This paper examined the two-way interaction between climate change and waste management. It showed that while solid waste management can have exacerbating effects on the climate especially due to the emission of greenhouse gasses, climate change will have some positive impacts on wastewater management facilities such as waste stabilization pond and septic tanks.


GHG Calculator for Solid Waste

Author: Menikpura, Nirmala and Sang-Arun,Janya|2013/02|Publisher: IGES(Hayama, Kanagawa, Japan)

This simulation provides a simple spreadsheet model for calculating greenhouse gas (GHG) emission from all the existing waste management practices (transportation, composting, anaerobic digestion, mechanical biological treatment, recycling, land filling) in developing Asia. In addition, this simulation is useful to estimate GHG emission/reductions from the current waste management practice in a particular location taking into account the climate benefits from resource recovery from waste in a life cycle perspective.